Agricultura

Agricultura

Addition of walnut shells biochar to alkaline arable soil caused contradictory effects on CO2 and N2O emissions, nutrients availability, and enzymes activity
- Mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHGs) emissions and improving soil health using biochar (BC) shall help achieving the UN-Sustainable Development Goals. The impacts of walnut shells biochar (WSB)...
Novel chitosan-based nanocomposites as ecofriendly pesticide carriers: Synthesis, root rot inhibition and growth management of tomato plants
- Novel bio-based nanocomposites were developed as carriers for loading and sustained-release of vanillin (Van.) and cinnamaldehyde (Cinn.) antioxidants. The composites were obtained by...
Reduction effect of individual N, P, K fertilization on antibiotic resistance genes in reclaimed water irrigated soil
01/02/2022 - The transfer of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in soil under reclaimed water irrigation poses a potential environmental risk. Regulation of NPK fertilizer could influence the behavior of...
Environmental Distribution, Metabolic Fate, and Degradation Mechanism of Chlorpyrifos: Recent and Future Perspectives
- Abstract Pesticides play a significant role in crop production and have become an inevitable part of the modern environment due to their extensive distribution throughout the soil...
Occurrence, toxic effects, and mitigation of pesticides as emerging environmental pollutants using robust nanomaterials – A review
- Increasing demand of food and agriculture is leading us towards the increasing use and introduction of pesticides to the environment. The upright increase of pesticides in water and associated...
Cooperation mechanisms for a competitive, sustainable food supply chain to reduce greenhouse gas emissions
11/01/2022 - The food industry is a major source of greenhouse gases (GHG). Given that consumers in this industry are aware of the negative consequences of GHG emissions, such as global warming and climate...
A district-level analysis for measuring the effects of climate change on production of agricultural crops, i.e., wheat and paddy: evidence from India
11/01/2022 - The present study aims to examine the impact of climate change on wheat and rice yield in Punjab, India, during 1981–2017. The study employs fully modified ordinary least squares (FMOLS),...
Effects of Different Fertilizers on the Germination of Tomato and Cucumber Seeds
- In order to achieve maximum crop yields, the use of fertilizers has become prevalent in the agricultural industry. Chemical fertilizers are a controversial topic where the accumulation of heavy...
Degradation of Dimethoate Pesticide in Soil: Impact of Soil Moisture and Enhanced Sunlight Intensity
- In today’s agriculture, the use of pesticides has become a necessity for higher yield of crops. Out of the total pesticides applied, only a small fraction reaches the target pest and the rest...
Estimated material metabolism and life cycle greenhouse gas emission of major plastics in China: A commercial sector-scale perspective
01/05/2022 - Plastics are one of the most greenhouse gas (GHG) intensive and the fastest growing industries in the manufacturing sector. Environmental tradeoffs of plastics occur...
Does military expenditure impact environmental sustainability in developed Mediterranean countries?
10/01/2022 - This study aims to examine the relationship between military expenditure and environmental sustainability in developed Mediterranean countries: Greece, France, Italy, and Spain. Sustainable...
Variability of fuel consumption and CO2 emissions of a gasoline passenger car under multiple in-laboratory and on-road testing conditions
- An increasing divergence regarding fuel consumption (and/or CO2 emissions) between real-world and type-approval values for light-duty gasoline vehicles (LDGVs) has posed severe challenges to...
Characterization of sulfide oxidation and optimization of sulfate production by a thermophilic Paenibacillus naphthalenovorans LYH-3 isolated from sewage sludge composting
- The sulfur-containing odor emitted from sludge composting could be controlled by sulfide oxidizing bacteria, yet mesophilic strains show inactivation during the thermophilic stage of composting....
One-Pot Biosynthesis of 3-Aminopropionic Acid from Fumaric Acid Using Recombinant Bacillus megaterium Containing a Linear Dual-Enzyme Cascade
- Abstract 3-Aminopropionic acid (3-APA) has wide applications in food, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, chemical, and polymer industries. This present study aimed to develop an...
Sustainable biochar: A facile strategy for soil and environmental restoration, energygeneration, mitigation of global climate change and circular bioeconomy
- The increasing agro-demands with the burgeoning population lead to the accumulation of lignocellulosic residues. The practice of burning agri-residues has consequences viz. Release of soot and smoke,...
Trace element concentrations in caudal scutes from Crocodylus moreletii and Crocodylus acutus in Belize in relation to biological variables and land use
01/02/2022 - Crocodylus moreletii (Morelet’s crocodile) and Crocodylus acutus (American crocodile) are generalist, apex predators of subtropical aquatic habitats in Central America. As top...
Quantitative source identification and environmental assessment of trace elements in the water and sediment of rivers flowing into Laizhou Bay, Bohai Sea
01/01/2022 - The concentrations, sources, and ecological risks of nine trace elements in nine rivers flowing into Laizhou Bay were investigated. The dissolved element concentrations were 1.85–74.4,...
Social Vulnerability to Irrigation Water Loss: Assessing the Effects of Water Policy Change on Farmers in Idaho, USA
- In the Eastern Snake Plain of Idaho, increasing rates of groundwater extraction for irrigation have corresponded with the adoption of more efficient irrigation technologies; higher use and lower...
Asbestos cement waste treatment through mechanochemical process with KH2PO4 for its utilization in soil pH correction and nutrient delivery
06/01/2022 - The manufacture of asbestos materials has been banished worldwide due to their toxicity, but discarding the existing wastes remains a challenge. We investigated an alternative mechanochemical...
Environmental pollution and agricultural productivity in Pakistan: new insights from ARDL and wavelet coherence approaches
06/01/2022 - The most serious challenge to the global facade is figuring out how to mitigate pollution levels without compromising agricultural productivity. The spillover effect of environmental change is...